Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Oil-based ink Test 3

TEST 3A:

October 27, 2015
Researchers: Kristina Key
Room Temperature: 68 degrees F
Humidity: low /dry
Materials: 6″x9″ PETG plate, Graphic Chemical 514 Bone Black Ink, Hot Salt water
Abstract: Finding a replacement for solvents used in monotype to create fluid textures, reticulated tones, and marks. This test is testing the reaction of hot salt water have on the ink and if it will react in a similar way to a solvent, like mineral spirits. We decided to try hot salt water because it seemed to be promising based on what we know about salt used in watercolor and hot water for dissolving paint.

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Mixture:
10mL hot water
10 spoon full of salt
-stirred constantly as each spoon full was added.
-added to a spray bottle and shaken vigorously and used immediately

Procedure
We mixed up a very salty water solution using hot water from a tea kettle. The mixture was used right after we mixed it so it did not have time to cool down. The mixture was also put into a spray bottle and shaken to ensure the salt was dissolved. I rolled the ink onto the plate before mixing the salt water to make sure it was hot enough and fresh.

After spraying the plate, the water puddled up and didn’t seem to be doing much to the ink. I let it sit on the plate for 10 minutes then blow dried the remaining moisture off the plate before printing.

Print Info:
Paper: Arnham
Soaking time: 20 minutes
Press: 2 sizing catchers, Takach etching press at 7.5 pressure

Test 3A printed

Test 3A printed

Conclusion: 
There are some interesting forms starting to show up where the salty water sat in a puddle on the plate. The salt created a star-like effect.

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TEST 3B:

Materials: 6″x9″ PETG plate, Graphic Chemical 514 Bone Black Ink, Hot Salt water, Envirostrip
Abstract: Finding a replacement for solvents used in monotype to create fluid textures, reticulated tones, and marks. This test is testing the reaction of hot salt water on the ink and if it will react in a similar way to a solvent, like mineral spirits. We decided to try hot salt water mixed with Envirostrip because both had some reaction to the ink but not a very strong reaction so we wanted to see what would happen with both on the plate at once.

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Mixture:

Added 2mL of Envirostrip to our salty hot water mixture

Procedure
We mixed up a very salty water solution using hot water from a tea kettle then added 2mL of Envirostrip. The mixture was poured into a spray bottle and shaken.

After spraying the plate, the water puddled up and didn’t seem to be doing much to the ink. I let it sit on the plate for 10 minutes then blow dried the remaining moisture off the plate before printing.

Test3B plate before printing

Test3B plate before printing

Print Info:
Paper: Arnham
Soaking time: 20 minutes
Press: 2 sizing catchers, Takach etching press at 7.5 pressure

Test3B printed

Test3B printed

Conclusion:

Areas that had puddles of the salty water Envirostrip mixture acted a little like a resist.

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TEST 3C:

Procedure

I cleaned the plate with soapy water then buffed the surface with gum arabic. Taking a damp piece of cheesecloth, I wetted small sections of the buffed plate then buffed it dry with another piece of cheesecloth, moving my way across the entire plate until it was all buffed dry. This created a very thin barrier of gum arabic for the ink to rest on. The plate was then rolled with ink.

We mixed up a very salty water solution using hot water from a tea kettle then added 2mL of Envirostrip. The mixture was poured into a spray bottle and shaken.

After spraying the plate, the water puddled up and didn’t seem to be doing much to the ink. I left it sit on the plate for 10 minutes then blow dried the remaining moisture off the plate before printing.

Test3C plate before printed

Test3C plate before printed

Print Info:
Paper: Arnham
Soaking time: 20 minutes
Press: 2 sizing catchers, Takach etching press at 7.5 pressure

Test 3C printed

Test 3C printed

Conclusion:

Plate 3C has outlined areas where the puddles sat on the plate’s surface that were absent from plate 3B that didn’t have the surface treated with gum arabic.

Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Test 4 Oil-Based Ink >