Research Projects Page Draft

research: safer printmaking

Part of the mission of Zea Mays Printmaking is to research new developments in safer and less-toxic printmaking. Our goal is to find materials and processes that can replace solvent-based, toxic printmaking techniques while maintaining quality.

Each research project sets out to discover the best practices for a particular technique, product or formula. The research was done by Zea Mays Printmaking interns, under the supervision of Liz Chalfin, the studio’s director.

In this glossary you will find definitions to the most important print terms.

Here you can find a comparison between traditional print practices and the safer alternatives used at Zea Mays.

Acrylic Manière Noire

Aquatint using Spit Site with Airbrushed Acrylic Resist

Non-Conventional Aquatint

Aquatint using Photographic Silk

Icing Sugar Aquatint

Sandpaper Aquatint with BIG Ground

Aquatint using an Acrylic Spray

Copper Sulfate – Saline Etch for Aluminum Refinement

Etching Zinc with Copper Sulfate Mordant

Hard Ground using Sodium Alginate Acrylic

Hardground using Bio Plastic 

Letterpress: Installing and Experimenting with Non-Toxic Processes

Lift Ground with Watercolor Masking Fluid

Photo Transfer with PCB Press-n-Peel for Intaglio

Putz Alternatives 

Photopolymer Techniques that are Safer Using ImagOnHD

Soft Ground with Acrylic Mediums

Soft Ground with BIG

Soy Wax Litho Ink Soft Ground

Screen Printing Studio Set-up

Screen Printing Photo Emulsion Tests

Solvent Alternatives in Monotype 

Toner Gum Transfer with BIG Ground

Transparent Base Substitute

White Ground Alternatives Using Suspended Pigment

Wash Grounds with Water-Soluble Ink and Lascaux