Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Akua Test 8

November 12, 2015
Researchers:
 Stephanie Motyka & Kristina Key
Room Temperature: 69 degrees F
Humidity: low-medium
Materials: 6″x9″ PETG plate, water, washing soda (sodium carbonate), Akua Quinacridone Magenta, Akua Pyrrole Orange, Akua Carbazole Violet, Akua Oxide Green, Akua Marylyde Yellow, Akua Phthalo Blue, Akua Scarlet Red, Akua Ultramarine Blue
Abstract: Finding a replacement for solvents used in monotype to create fluid textures, reticulated tones, and marks. This test is to make sure that the different pigments within Akua inks react similarly to the Akua Mars Black in Test 7.

Procedure:

We had two different spray bottles. The first had a mixture of 1tbsp of washing soda (sodium carbonate) with one cup of water and the second had just plain water.

For the Akua Carbazole Violet, Marylyde Yellow, and Pyrrole Orange inks:
We rolled out the ink and evenly coated a plate using a brayer then sprayed the plate with plain water. The plate was then blow dried and sprayed with the mixture of washing soda and water then blow dried again. We found that the spray-dry-spray-dry technique worked best to break up the ink and allow for it to move around the plate more.

Carbazole Violet Akua plate before printing

Carbazole Violet Akua plate before printing

Printing:

Paper type: Rives BFK
Soaking time: N/A
Press: Brand Etching Press, 2 sizing catchers

Carbazole Violet plate printed

Carbazole Violet plate printed

Left: Marylyde yellow printed, Right: Pyrrole Orange printed

Left: Marylyde yellow printed, Right: Pyrrole Orange printed

Procedure:

For the Akua Oxide Green, Quinacridone Magenta, Phthalo Blue, Scarlet Red, and Ultramarine Blue inks:
We rolled out the ink and evenly coated a plate using a brayer then sprayed the plate with the mixture of washing soda and water. The plate was then blow dried and sprayed with plain water then blow dried again. We found that the spray-dry-spray-dry technique worked best to break up the ink and allow for it to move around the plate more. We also realized that the order of the different sprays does not make much of a difference.

Scarlet Red plate before printing

Scarlet Red plate before printing

Printing:

Paper type: Rives BFK
Soaking time: N/A
Press: Brand Etching Press, 2 sizing catchers

Left: Ultramarine Blue printed, Center: Phthalo Blue printed, Right: Scarlet Red printed

Left: Ultramarine Blue printed, Center: Phthalo Blue printed, Right: Scarlet Red printed

Quinacridone Magenta printed

Quinacridone Magenta printed

Oxide Green printed

Oxide Green printed

Conclusion:

We found that the Akua ink pigments that we have tested so far react similarly to the Mars Black pigment. It is necessary to spray and dry the plate twice to get the desirable effects shown above. The first spray/dry doesn’t look like it affects the plate (normally), but it helps the ink loosen up for the second spray. When we dried the second spray, that was when all of the reaction took place.

Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Test 9 AKUA >