Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Akua Test 4

November 3, 2015
Researchers: Stephanie Motyka & Kristina Key
Room Temperature: 65 degrees F
Humidity: low /dry
Materials: 5 1/4″x9″ aluminum plate, Akua Mars Black Ink, prepared Hot Salt water
Abstract: Finding a replacement for solvents used in monotype to create fluid textures, reticulated tone and marks. This test is testing the reaction that hot salt water will have on the ink and if it will react in a similar way to a solvent, like mineral spirits. We decided to try hot salt water because it seemed to be promising based on what we know about salt used in watercolor and hot water for dissolving paint.

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Plate A
Salt Water Mixture:
1 cup boiling water
4 tbsp salt
mixed well and poured into a spray bottle.

Procedure:
We beveled the aluminum plate and cleaned it off with soapy water and dried it off. Then we rolled the Akua Mars Black ink out with a brayer and rolled an even coat onto the plate. We sprayed the salt mixture onto the inked plate while it was fresh and still hot. The plate then went onto the hot plate until the water evaporated. This took 14 minutes.

plate on hot plate

plate on hot plate

plate dried, prior to printing

plate dried, prior to printing

Printing:
Paper type: Arnham
Soaking time: N/A
Press: Brand etching press with 2 sizing catchers

Plate printed

Plate printed

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Plate B
Salt Water Mixture:
1 cup boiling water
6 tbsp salt
mixed well and poured into a spray bottle.

Ink Mixture:
40% Akua Mars Black ink to 60% Akua transparent base

Procedure:
We beveled the aluminum plate and cleaned it off with soapy water and dried. After mixing the ink and transparent base,  we rolled the Akua Mars Black ink out with a brayer and rolled an even coat onto the plate. We sprayed the salt mixer onto the inked plate while it was fresh and still hot. The plate then rested for 5 minutes before fully drying with the hair dryer. ( we used the hair dryer for Plate B because the hot plate did not allow the ink and hot water salt mixture to move organically or react enough).

the plate immediately after the salt water was sprayed (left), the plate after the water evaporated (right)

the plate immediately after the salt water was sprayed (left), the plate after the water evaporated (right)

Printing:
Paper type: Arnham
Soaking time: N/A
Press: Brand etching press with 2 sizing catchers

The plate after it was printed (left), the print (right)

The plate after it was printed (left), the print (right)

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Conclusion:
The salt acted as a resist to the ink. This is evident in the plate after it was printed because there is ink in the areas of the plate where it appeared to print white on the paper.

Alternative to Solvents in Monotype: Test 5 AKUA >